Idiopathic scoliosis is a deformity of the spine, in a healthy child, without being able to establish a cause that produces it. It is defined as a lateral deformity of the spine in the frontal plane, which is accompanied by rotation of the vertebral bodies.
It is classified into three groups according to the age of appearance: infant, juvenile and teenager.
- Infant: it appears before three years of age, especially before 6 months of age. Most resolve spontaneously, although a small group suffer a progressive worsening of the vertebral deformity requiring corrective treatment.
- Juvenile: if it is discovered between 3 and 10 years of age.
- Teenager: If it is discovered after the age of 10.
Although its aetiology is not known, there are two factors that decisively influence the development of the deformity: the genetic-hereditary predisposition and growth, that is, the children of parents with scoliosis have a greater predisposition to develop the deformity, according to numerous genetic studies.
In the case of growth there are predominant factors that can help the appearance, among which we could highlight:
- Incorrect postures during pregnancy.
- Instrumentation in childbirth.
- Congenital torticollis.
- Cranial deformity or plagiocephaly.
- Hip dysplasia.
- Developmental disorders, such as poor growth cartilage formation.
- Asymmetry of the lower limbs.