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What is the infant, juvenile and teenager scoliosis? What are its causes?

Idiopathic scoliosis is a deformity of the spine, in a healthy child, without being able to establish a cause that produces it. It is defined as a lateral deformity of the spine in the frontal plane, which is accompanied by rotation of the vertebral bodies.

It is classified into three groups according to the age of appearance: infant, juvenile and teenager.

  • Infant: it appears before three years of age, especially before 6 months of age. Most resolve spontaneously, although a small group suffer a progressive worsening of the vertebral deformity requiring corrective treatment.
  • Juvenile: if it is discovered between 3 and 10 years of age.
  • Teenager: If it is discovered after the age of 10.

Although its aetiology is not known, there are two factors that decisively influence the development of the deformity: the genetic-hereditary predisposition and growth, that is, the children of parents with scoliosis have a greater predisposition to develop the deformity, according to numerous genetic studies.

In the case of growth there are predominant factors that can help the appearance, among which we could highlight:

  • Incorrect postures during pregnancy.
  • Instrumentation in childbirth.
  • Congenital torticollis.
  • Cranial deformity or plagiocephaly.
  • Hip dysplasia.
  • Developmental disorders, such as poor growth cartilage formation.
  • Asymmetry of the lower limbs.

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